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|Title:||Stop layer: a flow braking mechanism in space and support from a lab experiment|
|Keywords:||Science & Technology;Physical Sciences;Physics, Fluids & Plasmas;Physics, Nuclear;Physics;flow braking;substorm breakup;stop layer;magnetic field pile-up;sub-shock;Hall current;ram pressure;BURSTS;ARC;Science & Technology;Physical Sciences;Physics, Fluids & Plasmas;Physics, Nuclear;Physics;flow braking;substorm breakup;stop layer;magnetic field pile-up;sub-shock;Hall current;ram pressure;BURSTS;ARC;Fluids & Plasmas;0202 Atomic, Molecular, Nuclear, Particle And Plasma Physics|
|place:||Engineering & Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC)|
|Description:||The paper presents short summaries and a synopsis of two completely independent discoveries of a fast flow braking process, one realized by a laboratory experiment (Lebedev et al 2014 Phys. Plasmas 21 056305), the other by theoretical reasoning stimulated by auroral observation (Haerendel 2015a J. Geophys. Res. Space Phys. 120 1697–714). The first has been described as a magnetically mediated sub-shock forming when a supersonic plasma flow meets a wall. The second tried to describe what happens when a high-beta plasma flow from the central magnetic tail meets the strong near-dipolar field of the magnetosphere. The term stop layer signals that flow momentum and energy are directly coupled to a magnetic perturbation field generated by a Hall current within a layer of the width of c/ω pi and immediately propagated out of the layer by kinetic Alfvén waves. As the laboratory situation is not completely collision-free, energy transfer from ions to electrons and subsequent radiative losses are likely to contribute. A synopsis of the two situations identifies and discusses six points of commonality between the two situations. It is pointed out that the stop layer mechanism can be regarded as a direct reversal of the reconnection process.|
|Type Of Material:||Other|
|Appears in Collections:||Physics|
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