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|Title:||Quantum wire-on-well (WoW) cell with long carrier lifetime for efficient carrier transport|
|Keywords:||Science & Technology;Technology;Physical Sciences;Energy & Fuels;Materials Science, Multidisciplinary;Physics, Applied;Materials Science;Physics;quantum wire;quantum well;III-V semiconductor;DOT SOLAR-CELLS;2-STEP PHOTON-ABSORPTION;OPEN-CIRCUIT VOLTAGE;SUPERLATTICES;TRANSITIONS;JUNCTION;DEVICES;GROWTH;MOVPE;Applied Physics;0204 Condensed Matter Physics;0912 Materials Engineering;0999 Other Engineering|
|place:||Commission of the European Communities;Commission of the European Communities|
|Description:||A quantum wire-on-well (WoW) structure, taking advantage of the layer undulation of an InGaAs/GaAs/GaAsP superlattice grown on a vicinal substrate, was demonstrated to enhance the carrier collection from the confinement levels and extend the carrier lifetime (220 ns) by approximately four times more than a planar reference superlattice. Strained InGaAs/GaAs/GaAsP superlattices were grown on GaAs substrates under exactly the same conditions except for the substrate misorientation (0 and 6 ° off). The growth on a 6 ° off substrate induced significant layer undulation as a result of step bunching and non-uniform precursor incorporation between steps and terraces, whereas the growth on a substrate without miscut resulted in planar layers. The undulation was the most significant for InGaAs layers, forming periodically aligned InGaAs nanowires on planar wells, a WoW structure. As for the photocurrent corresponding to the sub-bandgap range of GaAs, the light absorption by the WoW was extended to longer wavelengths and weakened as compared with the planar superlattice. Almost the same photocurrent was obtained for both the WoW and the planar superlattice. Open-circuit voltage for the WoW was not affected by the longer-wavelength absorption edge, and the same value was obtained for the two structures. Furthermore, the superior carrier collection in the WoW, especially under forward biases, improved fill factor compared with the planer superlattice.|
|Type Of Material:||Other|
|Appears in Collections:||Physics|
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