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Title: Topology Derivation and Development of Non-Isolated Three-port Converters for DC Microgrids
Keywords: DC-DC converter;Three-port converter;renewable energy system;energy storage system;DC-mircogrid
Publisher: University of Sydney;Faculty of Engineering and IT;School of Electrical and Information Engineering
Description: Currently, three-port converters (TPCs) are gaining popularity in applications which integrate renewable energies, such as photovoltaics and wind, and energy storage elements, such as batteries and supercapacitors with load. This is due to the advantages of a single power conversion stage between any two ports for better conversion efficiency and a highly integrated structure for compactness. Most of the reported TPCs focus on the consuming load. However, there are applications such as hybrid-electric vehicle braking systems and DC microgrids which have power generating capability. A typical example is battery charging in a DC microgrid. When the photovoltaics has inadequate power to charge the battery, the TPCs that consider only consuming load need an extra DC/DC converter for the DC bus to charge the battery. Three-winding transformers associated with full-bridge configurations as the basis for TPCs can fulfill the purpose of bi-directional power flow between any two ports. However, bulkiness of transformers and the need for more switches and associated control mechanisms increases the converter complexity, volume and cost. Solutions for integrating a regenerative load in NITPCs are still limited. This research work focuses on the development of non-isolated three-port converters (NITPCs), as they are capable of driving a regenerative load while offering a compact solution. The study includes a systematic approach to deriving a family of NITPCs. They combine different commonly known power converters in an integrated manner while considering the voltage polarity, voltage levels among the ports and overall voltage conversion ratio. The derived converter topologies allow for all possible power flow combinations among the sources and load while preserving the single power processing feature of the TPC. A design example of a boost converter based TPC with a bi-directional buck converter is reported. In addition, a novel single-inductor NITPC is proposed. It is a further integrated topology according to the aforementioned design example where only one inductor is required instead of two, and the number of power transistors remains the same. The detailed topological derivation, operation principles, steady-state analysis, simulation results and experiment results are given to verify the proposed NITPCs.
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Type Of Material: OTHER
Appears in Collections:Postgraduate Theses

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