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|Title:||A DFT study on the mechanism of Rh2 II, II-catalyzed intramolecular amidation of carbamates|
|Keywords:||Rhodium;Nitrene insertion;Density functional calculations;Amidation;Reaction mechanisms;Carbamates - chemistry;Organometallic Compounds - chemistry;Thermodynamics;Amides - chemistry;Catalysis|
|Publisher:||Wiley - V C H Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. The Journal's web site is located at http://www.wiley-vch.de/publish/en/journals/alphabeticIndex/2451;Germany|
|Description:||The potential-energy surfaces of the reactions of dirhodium tetracarboxylate (Rh2 II,II) catalyzed nitrene (NR) insertion into C-H bonds were examined by a DFT computational study. A pure Becke exchange functional (B88) rather than a hybrid exchange functional (B3, BHandH) was found to be appropriate for the calculation of the energy difference between the singlet and triplet Rh2 II,II-NH nitrene species. Rh2 II,II-NR1 (R1 = (S)-2-methyl-1-butylformyl) is thermodynamically more favorable with a free energy lower than that of Rh2 II, II-N-(PhI)R1. The singlet and triplet states of Rh 2 II,II-NR1 have similar stability. Singlet Rh2 II,II-NR1 undergoes a concerted NR insertion into the C-H bond with simultaneous formation of the N-H and N-C bonds during C-H bond cleavage; triplet Rh2 II,II-NR1 undergoes H atom abstraction to produce a diradical, followed by subsequent bond formation by diradical recombination. The singlet pathway is favored over the triplet in the context of the free energy of activation and leads to the retention of the chirality of the C atom in the NR insertion product. The reactivities of the C-H bonds toward the nitrene-insertion reaction follow the order tertiary > secondary > primary. Relative reaction rates were calculated for the six reaction pathways examined in this work. © 2007 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.;link_to_subscribed_fulltext|
|Other Identifiers:||Chemistry - An Asian Journal, 2007, v. 2 n. 9, p. 1101-1108|
|Type Of Material:||Article|
|Appears in Collections:||Department of Chemistry|
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