Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dl.pgu.ac.ir/handle/10023/9562
Title: Piety in pieces: how medieval readers customized their manuscripts
Keywords: D111 Medieval History;PN0441 Literary History;D111;PN0441
Issue Date: 20-Sep-2016
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Description: The University of St. Andrews Library Open Access Fund supported this Open Access publication. The Leverhulme Trust has generously contributed towards the research for this volume.;Medieval manuscripts resisted obsolescence. Made by highly specialised craftspeople (scribes, illuminators, book binders) with labour-intensive processes using exclusive and sometimes exotic materials (parchment made from dozens or hundreds of skins, inks and paints made from prized minerals, animals and plants), books were expensive and built to last. They usually outlived their owners. Rather than discard them when they were superseded, book owners found ways to update, amend and upcycle books or book parts. These activities accelerated in the fifteenth century. Most manuscripts made before 1390 were bespoke and made for a particular client, but those made after 1390 (especially books of hours) were increasingly made for an open market, in which the producer was not in direct contact with the buyer. Increased efficiency led to more generic products, which owners were motivated to personalise. It also led to more blank parchment in the book, for example, the backs of inserted miniatures and the blanks ends of textual components. Book buyers of the late fourteenth and throughout the fifteenth century still held onto the old connotations of manuscripts—that they were custom-made luxury items—even when the production had become impersonal. Owners consequently purchased books made for an open market and then personalised them, filling in the blank spaces, and even adding more components later. This would give them an affordable product, but one that still smacked of luxury and met their individual needs. They kept older books in circulation by amending them, attached items to generic books to make them more relevant and valuable, and added new prayers with escalating indulgences as the culture of salvation shifted. Rudy considers ways in which book owners adjusted the contents of their books from the simplest (add a marginal note, sew in a curtain) to the most complex (take the book apart, embellish the components with painted decoration, add more quires of parchment). By making sometimes extreme adjustments, book owners kept their books fashionable and emotionally relevant. This study explores the intersection of codicology and human desire. Rudy shows how increased modularisation of book making led to more standardisation but also to more opportunities for personalisation. She asks: What properties did parchment manuscripts have that printed books lacked? What are the interrelationships among technology, efficiency, skill loss and standardisation?;Publisher PDF
URI: http://dl.pgu.ac.ir/handle/10023/9562
http://www.openbookpublishers.com/product/477/
http://dx.doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0094
Other Identifiers: Rudy , K M 2016 , Piety in pieces: how medieval readers customized their manuscripts . Open Book Publishers . DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0094
9781783742349
9781783742332
9781783742356
9781783742363
9781783742370
PURE: 241822981
PURE UUID: 46f3e236-b452-411a-b921-9748c42f6b1a
Type Of Material: Book
Appears in Collections:History (School of)

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